Dogs can eat anything right? No actually they can’t. Even though they have a great immune system and wonderful bacteria to help them eat things like raw chicken, it doesn’t mean they can eat anything. Here is a list of food that should NOT feed your dog.
1. Cooked bones
When cooked, bones become brittle and more likely to splinter which can cause various injuries to your dog. Splintered pieces of bone can get stuck in their mouth, throat, stomach or intestines which could also lead to constipation, rectal bleeding or peritonitis.
Raw meaty bones are a better option provided they are fresh and suitable to the size of your dog.
With Easter coming up there is bound to be lots of different chocolate based treats around your house (or yard if you do scavenger hunts with the kids) in the form of Easter Eggs or Bunnies. To avoid broken hearts and sick dogs keep your dog well away from the Easter stash. Chocolate is toxic to dogs because it contains cocoa (theobromine compound). Depending on how much cocoa is in the chocolate, how much the dog has ingested, the size of the dog etc. will depend on how sick the dog can get. Your dog may show signs of hyperactivity, increased water intake, vomiting, diarrhoea, muscle tremors etc. Chocolate poisoning can usually be treated by your vet.
3. Grapes & Raisins
At this stage it is unknown what it is exactly about grapes and raisins that is harmful to dogs, we only know that it IS harmful. Eating these can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, and kidney failure.
Eating onions (or foods in the onion family like garlic and chives) can damage your dogs the red blood cells severely enough in some cases to require blood transfusions. Depending on how much your dog has ingested symptoms may not show for a couple of days. If your dog may display a lack of appetite, may seem lethargic, vomiting, diarrhoea, look pale (pale gums) and increased heart rate.
There is some debate about whether or not Avocados are toxic to dogs. The potential issue is with the compound persin which is found in some types of avocado (including HAAS) in varying amounts depending on ripeness etc. which can cause stomach upset. Plus the pit could cause your dog to choke if they got hold of it. Due to the diverse range of opinions it might be safer to err on the side of caution and forgo feeding avocado to your dog.
6. Seeds of some fruit (apples etc.)
The seeds of apple’s , peaches, plums, pears and apricots contain a form of cyanide. While a few seeds may not cause any harm, the effects can accumulate over time.
7. Nuts (especially macadamia nuts)
Most nuts are high in oil and fat and this can cause vomiting and diarrhoea and may lead to pancreatitis. Macadamia nuts can also cause weakness, depression, tremors, inability to walk and hypothermia.
Side note. Peanuts are not actually nuts they are legumes so peanut butter is OK in small doses as it too is high in fat, and contains additional salt and sugar.
Does your dog like to eat EVERYTHING while out on a walk? Even if your dog is a bit more picky than that, make sure they don’t consume any wild mushrooms. Certain mushrooms can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, convulsions and kidney damage.
Even though for a lot of us (myself included) coffee is a daily essential, it is definitely NOT essential to your dog. The stimulation from caffeine that helps us through the day can cause vomiting, restlessness and heart palpitations in dogs.
No surprise here! Alcohol can sometimes be toxic to humans too! The grapes and hops used in the making of wine and beer are both toxic to dogs and therefore so is the end product. Plus dogs are not designed to to process alcohol and due to their smaller size it doesn’t take much for them to become intoxicated.
If you suspect that your dog has ingested any of these foods, seek veterinary assistance immediately. The symptoms listed above are not exhaustive and can also represent other illnesses in your dog. If you are unsure if something is safe to feed your dog, always check with your veterinarian. This is for your information only and is not intended to replace the advice of your veterinarian.